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Road safety is a shared responsibility. As we use the roads every day, let’s exercise patience, stay alert, vigilant, and be careful when driving on the road. Always follow traffic rules, signs, and signals, and be considerate to other road users.  


Follow these safe-driving tips and habits to enhance the experience on the roads, and make your journeys more safe and pleasant:

  • Do not speed – going faster means it will take a longer braking distance.

  • Never drive while using your mobile device.

  • Follow traffic rules and regulations at all times.

  • Never beat the red light – slow down when nearing traffic lights and be prepared to stop when the traffic lights turn amber.

  • Never drive when under the influence of alcohol, or when you have taken medication that causes drowsiness – Don’t Drive to Drink, and You Will Never Drink and Drive.

  • Give way to emergency vehicles such as ambulances and police cars.

  • Keep a lookout for smaller, vulnerable road users: cyclists or power-assisted bicycle users, and pedestrians like children and the elderly, who may dash across the road.

  • Observe lane discipline and keep watch for traffic hazards ahead, such as traffic congestion due to road works and accidents.

  • Signal in advance when turning or changing lanes; alert other road users of your intention early to prevent traffic accidents.

  • Do not overtake unless the road is clear, and never do so at bends and corners.

  • Do not tailgate and keep a safe following distance – it is a dangerous act and gives you little time to react if the vehicle in front slows down or brakes suddenly.

  • Get familiar with the controls and maneuverability of your vehicle.

  • Do not drive when you are very tired and sleepy.


Adopt Defensive Driving

It’s always an advantage for all road users when drivers adopt defensive driving. Defensive driving requires drivers to:

  • Always keep in mind the existence of road hazards.

  • Be prepared to take evasive action, as some road users may not obey the traffic rules all the time.

  • Avoid a collision and make allowances for other road users to correct their mistakes.

  • Be on the lookout for traffic signs and pedestrian actions that may cause traffic hazards.

  • Minimise the chances of an accident from mechanical failure by regularly maintaining your vehicles.


Be Prepared to Adapt to Road Conditions

Motorists must be able to quickly adapt to road conditions while maintaining proper control of their vehicle. Motorists need to be alert at all times and anticipate road hazards. Be able to respond safely to the following hazardous or difficult road conditions:

  • Road works

  • Scenes of accidents

  • Oil patches

  • Sandy stretches

  • Debris scattered on the road

  • Pot holes

  • Bad weather

If necessary, motorists should signal, slow down, or make a full stop when faced with the above situations. Never speed up, change lanes, or swerve and squeeze your  way through traffic.


Be Extra Careful

Drivers must take extra caution and care when:

  • Entering a school or silver zone

  • Passing a bus stop or a crowded taxi bay

  • Approaching a pedestrian crossing

  • Passing vehicles parked along roadsides

There is great concern for the safety of motorcyclists on our roads. Among all users, motorcyclists and pillion riders comprise a large group that is involved in fatal road accidents. Road safety for motorcyclists is of paramount concern, as motorcycle riding requires greater skills and control as compared to driving a car. A motorcyclist is more prone to sustaining injuries in accidents, due to the lack of protection provided by an outer shell, and is may also be less visible on the road.


Here are important reminders to reduce the risks for motorcyclist when riding on the roads:

  • Always check with the retailer if a helmet conforms to the Singapore Standards, SS9:2014 before your purchase. An approved helmet should be affixed with a “TUV SUD PSB Test” label.

  • Wear appropriate riding attire: gear up to ride safe by wearing properly an approved helmet, gloves, jacket, and closed footwear.

  • Ensure that your tyres are not bald and are properly inflated.

  • Turn on your headlights at all times, even during the day, to enhance your visibility to other road users.

  • Concentrate when you ride – always remain vigilant, focus on the road, and have good control of your bike.

  • Never ride when under the influence of alcohol, or when you have taken medication that causes drowsiness.

  • Do not speed – going faster means it will take a longer distance to come to a stop when you brake.

  • Never beat the red light – slow down when nearing traffic lights and be prepared to stop when the traffic lights turn amber:

    • Close the throttle when three arrows away from the junction;

    • Be prepared to brake at the second arrow; and

    • Only open the throttle when at the first arrow to clear pass the junction.

  • Signal in advance when turning or changing lanes; alert other road users of your intention early to prevent traffic accidents.

  • Do not tailgate and always keep a safe following distance as you will have very little time to react if the vehicle in front slows down or brakes suddenly.


Adopt Defensive Riding

To enhance safety, motorcyclists should follow these basic traffic rules and regulations:

  • Keep to your left, unless you are overtaking.

  • Never ride when you have consumed alcohol or have taken medication.

  • Keep a safe distance from other vehicles.

  • Do not swerve in and out of traffic.

  • Do not overtake a convoy of vehicles.

  • Always keep within the road speed limit.

  • Slow down when approaching a bend.

  • Anticipate pedestrians who may dash across the road.

  • Stay on the lookout for children and animal that may dart out unexpectedly.

  • Practise the 2-Second Rule: allow for two seconds between braking and making a full stop behind a vehicle.

  • Stay out of the blind spots of larger vehicles.

The Use Your RoadSense movement is about building a culture of road safety, good road behaviour that starts from every individual, so that it becomes a social norm, rather than about rules and regulations for all road users.

Shaping a Culture of Good RoadSense with Heavy Vehicle Community

When heavy vehicles are involved in an accident, the damage is greater, and more lives are potentially at risk. The number of accidents involving heavy vehicles rose to 877 in 2015, up from 839 the previous year.

Besides heavy vehicle drivers, the fleet owners and companies can play a key part to ensure the safety of their drivers and other road users.

Please see the circular and info-graphic below to find out more on how we can build a culture of safe road behaviour together! 

Joint circular by Ministry of Manpower and Traffic Police: Click here to see

Info-graphic (English): Click here to see

Info-graphic (Chinese): Click here to see

Heavy Vehicle Drivers

For heavy vehicle drivers, the roads are like their offices. It is important for them to have a good understanding of the importance of road safety. Furthermore, a heavy vehicle accident could potentially cause greater damage and implications than other vehicles, thus it is even more important for heavy vehicle drivers to be inspired and exhibit safe driving behaviours whenever they are on the roads.

Below are some road safety tips for heavy vehicle drivers to practise good RoadSense:

  • Rest well and stop driving when feeling tired.
  • Observe and look out for vulnerable road users. Never use handheld devices while driving.
  • Avoid tailgating and keep a safe distance with the vehicle in front.  
  • Do not road hog. Always keep to the left and travel on the slow-moving lane.
  • Stay alert and drive with care. Always check your blindspots.
  • Ensure proper maintenance of the vehicle to prevent spills.
  • Never drink and drive.
  • Speeding kills. Always drive below the road speed limit or vehicle speed limit, whichever is lower.
  • Ensure that vehicle’s speed is reduced when entering school or silver zones.


Heavy Vehicle Fleet Owners and Companies

While it is important for heavy vehicle drivers to be safety-conscious on the roads, it is equally important for fleet owners and companies to educate and heighten their drivers’ road safety awareness through adopting good company practices such as conducting regular road safety talks. This will remind and encourage them to continuously exhibit safe driving behaviours and practise good RoadSense the roads. Good RoadSense will be good business sense. 

Below are some road safety materials to help fleet owners and companies make their drivers a safer driver on the roads.  



Toolkit: Download



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Road Safety Initiatives

Blindspot Stickers

Recognising that road users might not be as familiar with the blind spots of heavy vehicles, large warning stickers have been pasted on close to 70% of Samwoh’s fleet of tipper trucks. A joint-initiative by Samwoh and TP, the Blind Spot Campaign aims to increase awareness of a heavy vehicle’s “danger zones” to other road users, especially pedestrians. The stickers also serve as a reminder to fellow motorists to avoid these areas whenever possible.

Safe Driving Notebook

Jointly developed by the Workplace Safety and Health (WSH) Council, Singapore Road Safety Council (SRSC) and Traffic Police, a new driver’s notebook was launched and distributed to fleet owners. Filled with tips for vocational road users, the aim is to increase risk awareness and serve as a reminder to vocational drivers. The notebook is available in English and Mandarin and can be downloaded here. To learn more about other guidelines on workplace safety and safe driving at work, you may visit the WSH Council website.

The RoadSense Pledge

A programme which encourages heavy vehicle drivers to remain free of accidents and demerit points for a year. Organised in partnership with VICOM, heavy vehicle companies can encourage their drivers to sign up for the programme at the four VICOM inspection centres from 22 April 2016.

Containerised Traffic System (CTS)

The Containerised Traffic System is a communication network system which comprises of hardware and software components. Heavy vehicles like prime movers are installed with a mobile data terminal, keypad, GPS Tracker and antenna. Heavy vehicle companies such as Bok Seng Logistics have adopted this technology to track the movement of their prime movers and trailers. Besides providing real time track and trace capabilities, CTS also allows easier planning and scheduling of jobs thereby optimising the use of resources to achieve higher productivity.

Incentives for Safe Driving

Many companies have implemented safe driving incentive programmes to help make safety efforts successful. Using various measurements, drivers whose safety records are exemplary are rewarded. These incentives may not have to be in monetary form as there are also other incentives that work equally well to help promote a safe culture. For example:

  • Recognition among peers and others. Most people work hard and do their jobs with little fanfare. Publicly recognising excellence, on a wide scale, is something most people would like to receive.
  • Tangible rewards. These can take many forms. Letters of commendation, plaques, and trophies are usually proudly displayed.

Singapore Road Safety Award

This annual award was first introduced in 2013 to recognise Fleet – Owning Companies who promote road safety actively through safety policies in place and providing appropriate training to their drivers and riders. Over the last few years, more categories were added to recognise more road safety efforts and behaviours. This year (2016), there will be 5 categories of awards to be presented, namely:

  • Road Safety Award for Companies with Heavy Goods Vehicle Fleet
  • Road Safety Award for Companies with Bus Fleet
  • Road Safety Award for Companies with Motorcycle Fleet (Food &Beverage Delivery Services and Courier Services)
  • Road Safety Award for Safe Driver (Vocational Licence)
  • Road Safety Award for Most Improved Driver (Vocational Licence)

For more information on the award details, you may wish to visit the Singapore Road Safety Council website.


Defensive Driving Courses

For information on general defensive driving courses, you may wish to find out more from:

Pedestrians are a vulnerable group of road users. While bigger and faster road users – like motorists and motorcyclists – should keep a lookout for pedestrians, they must do their part in ensuring a safer road environment. Here are some safety tips:

Following the safety tips below will enhance your safety as a pedestrian. If you are an elderly person, or know of elderly persons who constantly use the roads, here are some tips to enhance road safety:

  • Always use pedestrian crossings – never jaywalk. Make use of available pedestrian crossing facilities like overhead bridges, zebra crossings, underpasses and traffic signal lights.

  • Practise the kerb drill when crossing the road:
    Before crossing the road:-
  1. Stop

  2. Look and check for any vehicles coming in your path.

  3. Be patient, practise your kerb drill: Look Right. Look Left. Look Right Again.

  4. Check to see that there are no vehicles or that vehicles have come to a stop, before raising your hand and crossing the road safely.
  • Raise your hand while crossing to alert motorists.

  • Always use footpaths and walkways for your safety and the safety of other road users; never walk along the roads, whenever possible.

  • Do not cross at road bends and in between stationary vehicles, as your visual field is limited in this part of the road. You cannot see incoming vehicles, and drivers cannot see you.

  • Be Seen, Be Safe. Use light coloured clothing when you are walking even during the day and especially so at night, or carry some reflective materials to make yourself more visible to motorists.


Safety Tips for Children


  • Always cross the road at designated pedestrian crossings, overhead bridges, underpasses or zebra crossings. Remember to practise the Kerb Drill when crossing the roads!

  • Always be alert for inattentive drivers even at signalised crossings.

  • Always use footpaths when possible.

  • Always be alert for any oncoming vehicles.


  • Don’t run across the road.

  • Don’t cross in front of a stationary vehicle or between stationary vehicles.

  • Never cross when the ‘red man’ lights up or when the ‘green man’ is flashing.


Safety Tips for Parents

  • Teach your children about road safety rules. Be a good role model by practising good pedestrian safety habits.

As cycling has become more prevalent in Singapore both as a form of transportation and for leisure, cyclists should recognise their own vulnerability and should always adopt safe cycling behaviours and habits. Road safety is a shared responsibility.

All cyclists should always abide by road traffic rules at all times.

The following are some of the safe cycling tips:

  • Wear safe cycling attire – safeguard yourself from injury by wearing a protective helmet, and use elbow pads and knee pads to cushion the impact of a fall.

  • Wear light-coloured or reflective clothing to enhance your visibility to other road users.

  • Ensure you have a front white light and rear red light or at least a reflector in low-light conditions.

  • Ride a bicycle that fits you.

  • Always check that your bicycle is in good working condition and is properly maintained.



  • Always keep to the left hand edge of the road.

  • Always obey traffic light signals and signs. Be prepared to stop when approaching traffic light junctions when the traffic light turns amber. Cyclists must stop when the traffic light turns red.

  • As per the Active Mobility Code of Conduct, stop and look out for on-coming traffic when approaching pedestrian crossings, and cross only at walking speed. To make yourself more visible to approaching motorists, you are also encouraged to dismount from your bicycle when crossing at traffic junctions and always practice the kerb drill too! Look right, look left. Look right again.

  • Be considerate and look out for pedestrians – especially the elderly and young children.

  • Give pedestrians advance warning as you approach them by ringing your bell.

  • Use hand signals to warn other road users when you stop. Place the left foot on the ground and alight from the left side of the road.


  • Do not cycle on the expressways.

  • Do not cycle against the flow of traffic.

  • NEVER assume you have right of way and always remain alert and vigilant while cycling on the roads. Keep a lookout for other bigger and faster road users.

  • Do not ride in a zigzag manner.

  • Do not carry things, walk a dog, hold an umbrella, or otherwise occupy one hand while cycling.


Using a Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB)

  • You must only ride a Land Transport Authority (LTA)-approved PAB that is affixed with a valid LTA seal, and have it registered and affixed with a number plate. More details can be found here.

  • You must be at least 16 years of age to ride a PAB.

  • No persons below the age of 16 years old shall be carried as a pillion rider on a PAB.

  • You and your pillion rider must wear a suitable protective bicycle helmet when riding a PAB.

  • You must also observe all traffic rules when using your PAB on the roads – refer to the safety tips for cyclists listed above.

For more information on safe cycling, guidelines and safe uses of PABs and personal mobility devices (PMD), and the code of conduct, refer to LTA’s website.